This help centre article has been written for Koru Kids' Home Nursery service

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Food hygiene training

  • All of our Early Educators undergo two food hygiene courses before they are allowed to open their home nursery.

  • The first is their introduction to food hygiene, which covers:

    • How to heat food safely

    • How to prepare milk safely

    • How to make sure the children in their care are adopting healthy lifestyles

    • Food allergies

    • Record keeping

  • The second is advanced food hygiene, which covers:

    • Personal hygiene

    • How to store and prepare food safely

    • Pest control and chemical contamination

    • Cleaning

    • How to keep food cold

    • How to cook and reheat food safely

    • Special advice for babies and children

  • All of our Early Educators are also registered as a food business with the Food Standards Agency, which means they will be routinely inspected on their food hygiene.

Below, you can find a summary of how Early Educators ensure good food hygiene in their home nurseries.

Heating food safely

  • Early Educators make sure that the cooked food that they offer has been heated to the correct temperature.

    • They always check that food is very hot (steaming) all the way through. The core temperature of the food should reach at least 75°C.

Preparing milk safely

  • Young babies do not have well developed immune systems and are particularly vulnerable to illnesses from bacteria and viruses, so Early Educators take extra care when preparing their milk.

  • If parents/carers bring made-up bottles of formula, they are put in the fridge straight away and are used within 24 hours.

  • Early Educators clean and sterilise bottles and teats before they use them.

  • This information has been taken directly from the NHS website.

Adopting healthy lifestyles

  • Early Educators provide a wealth of fruit and vegetables as part of the meals that they offer children.

    • Varied means they eat foods from every food group; protein from eggs, meat or fish, carbohydrates such as bread and pasta, essential fats from nuts, cheese and dairy and loads and loads of fruit and vegetables to get a range of vitamins and minerals.

    • They encourage children to ‘eat the rainbow’ - to try foods of every colour to get the widest variety of nutrients.

  • In our home nurseries, sugar is a treat but never a reward.

    • Sweets or cakes are never served as a regular snack.

      • Birthdays and special occasions are a nice time for children to be treated to sweets and cake, but Early Educators are advised to check with parents before they serve this to their children.

      • Sugar is never used as a reward as this can develop bad habits and associations.

Food allergies

  • Early Educators check all the ingredients of any meals and snacks they give to a child with a food allergy.

  • They keep a record of the ingredient information of any ready-made food and drink they use in the children’s food.

Record keeping

  • Early Educators keep a record of what meals they are serving their children.

    • They will display a weekly or monthly meal plan in their setting.

  • They keep details of what ingredients they buy and use in their food.

Other things to know

Personal hygiene

  • All Early Educators follow good personal hygiene to help prevent bacteria and viruses from spreading to food.

Hand washing

  • Early Educators always wash their hands properly before preparing and handling food or touching ready-to-eat food e.g. sandwiches.

    • They follow the NHS guidance for how to wash your hands effectively.

  • All children wash their hands before eating.

Food Storage and Preparation

  • All Early Educators store and prepare food carefully to keep sources of bacteria and allergens away from food preparation areas.

  • Food that contains allergens is kept separate from other food.

  • Raw food and ready-to-eat food are prepared on different surfaces with different equipment.

  • All pets are kept away from all food, dishes and worktops and away from children when they are eating.

Pest Control and Chemical Contamination

  • Early Educators regularly check for signs of pests and are trained in how to spot the most common types of pest.

  • Cleaning chemicals (e.g. bleach, detergents) are stored separately from food and are clearly labelled.

  • All cleaning and pest control products are kept out of reach of children.


  • Early Educators regularly clean and disinfect all items people touch frequently, such as worktops, sinks, taps, handles, switches and high chairs.

Keeping Food Cold & Defrosting

  • Early Educators are trained to keep certain foods cold, and how to safely freeze or defrost food.

Cooking and Reheating Safely

  • Early Educators are trained to thoroughly cook food and the importance of reheating food properly.

Babies and children - special advice

Formula milk

  • Early Educators are advised to make up formula milk freshly for each feed.

Breast milk

  • Expressed breast milk is stored in the fridge and used within 24 hours.


  • Early Educators are advised not to give honey to children under one year old.

    • Very occasionally, honey can contain a type of harmful bacteria that can produce toxins in a baby’s intestines and this can cause serious illness.


  • Early Educators are advised not to give shark, swordfish and marlin to babies and young children.

    • These fish contain relatively high levels of mercury, which might affect a child’s developing nervous system.


  • Early Educators are advised not to give raw shellfish to babies and young children.

    • Raw shellfish can contain harmful viruses and bacteria.

Frozen vegetables/fruit

  • Early Educators are advised not to give babies or young children frozen vegetables or fruits that are not ‘ready to eat’, e.g. in mesh feeders to help teething and weaning.

    • This is because frozen vegetables (e.g. sweetcorn) and frozen fruit that are not cooked or washed properly can contain harmful bacteria.


  • Early Educators are advised to keep their home nursery settings 'nut free'. This means that they should not serve preparations containing nuts to the children.

  • They have also been advised to be mindful of the cross-contamination that could happen when they consume nuts in their house during their personal time.

  • Please speak with your Early Educator directly to confirm whether this is the case for their setting.

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