Interoception refers to the perception of internal body states. It concerns our ability to explicitly and implicitly detect (and thereby regulate and control) our organ systems, including our heart, lungs, stomach, and muscles. It is increasingly viewed as an important element that helps connect the body and the mind. For example, several studies have demonstrated that interoception plays an important role in memory processes and decision-making (Dunn et al., 2010; Werner et al., 2010). It has also been shown that interoceptive awareness is important for athletes who are seeking optimal performance, as it connects the distress of inner states to the goal of achieving and maintaining homeostasis (Philippe & Seiler, 2005).

Homeostasis is any self-regulating process by which an organism tends to maintain stability while adjusting to conditions that are best for its survival. If homeostasis is successful, life continues; if it's unsuccessful, it can lead to disaster or death of the organism.

In the context of physical activity, one of the best known interoceptive concepts is that of perceived exertion during exercise, which Prof Gunnar Borg (e.g., 1962) considered a summation or integration of a multitude of contributory interoceptive cues from a variety of sources, such as the cardiovascular system (e.g., heart pounding), respiratory system (e.g., breathlessness), muscular system (e.g., tension), stomach (e.g., aches), and skin (e.g., sweating). Recent models of exercise regulation recognize the importance of this overall gestalt perception to decisions about whether to continue or terminate exercise.

Soma NPT allows coaches to combine interoceptive awareness with cognitive training to create a challenging mind-body environment for an athlete, forcing them to detect and respond to changing conditions. Soma NPTs cardiovascular exertion mode is a performance-related biofeedback mode where the athlete needs to reach a certain Heart Rate (HR) to select the answer for the cognitive task. As simple as this sounds the athlete must pace themselves during the entire cognitive task and apply strategies when the time comes to exert themselves to respond to the cognitive task. Cardiovascular Exertion Mode works by taking the athlete’s live Heart Rate (HR) and giving the athlete a target HR response. The athlete has two options, to slowly grind to the target heart rate to respond to the cognitive task or to exert themselves fully to respond to the task and recover as fast as possible between each stimulus. This training quickly becomes hard for an athlete as Soma NPT is continuously taking the current live HR and requiring a heart rate range to respond to the cognitive task.

Cognitive Tasks 3 min, 5 min, or 10 min in duration, the athlete must raise their heart rate for left button responses by + 2-5% and right button responses by + 6-10% relative to their live HR.

Cognitive Tasks 20 min or 30 min in duration, the athlete must raise their heart rate for left button responses by + 2% and right button responses by + 5% relative to their live HR.

What does CEM stand for?

Cardiovascular Exertion Mode.

What is CEM mode?

CEM mode is a performance-related biofeedback mode where the athlete needs to reach a certain Heart Rate (HR) to select the answer for the cognitive task.

How does CEM mode work?

When the stimulus is presented Soma NPT will take the current live Heart Rate (HR) and add the target HR for left and right responses.

When to use Cardiovascular Exertion mode

When you want to focus on interoception awareness.

What are the Heart Rate (HR) ranges to select a response?

Duration 3,5,10m

Left button responses = +2-5%

Right button responses = +6-10%

Duration 20,30m

Left button responses = +2%

Right button responses = +5%

How long does the athlete need to maintain the Heart Rate (HR) Zone?

3 seconds

What does the athlete need to do when CEM mode has been applied to a task?

The athlete needs to physically exert themselves to increase their Heart Rate (HR) to respond to the task.

Can I hide the live heart rate when doing a task?

Yes, tap the drill name to hide the live BPM to perceive your heart rate without biofeedback.

How do I recover if I am finding it too hard to hit the target HR?

Tap the R button on the top right for a 3-minute rest.


How to Integrate Cardiovascular Exertion Mode.

Pre Session

Perform the integrated session prior to your main physical training session.

Task Duration

  • 5 minutes


In Session

Perform the integrated session between sets during the main physical training session.

Task Duration

  • 3 minute


Post Session

Perform the integrated session after your main physical training session.

Task Durations

  • 5 minutes


Equipment

Exercise Bike

Using an exercise bike ensures you are able to maintain the required physical workload while performing your cognitive training.

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