Pre-Kindergarten Skills

Language Arts/Early Literacy 

  • Understands and responds to simple oral directions
  • Talks and listens appropriately while in a group
  • Expresses ideas in complete sentences
  • Recognizes his/her name in print
  • Names six basic colors (red, blue, green, yellow, orange, brown)
  • Identifies some printed alphabet letters
  • Prints and identifies letters in first name
  • Recognizes some sounds that rhyme
  • Demonstrates knowledge of print:  left to right top to bottom
  • Arranges story cards in sequential order
  • Begins to dictate sentences, phrases, and words 


  • Identifies basic geometric shapes (circle, triangle, square)
  • Recognizes numerals (0,1,2,3,4,5)
  • Matches numerals to quantities 0-5
  • Recognizes and reproduces simple patterns of concrete objects
  • Participates in simple graphing activities
  • Counts from 1-10 or higher
  • Puts together a 10-12 piece puzzle


  • Exploration by manipulating materials with simple equipment
  • Demonstrates awareness of seasonal changes and weather  conditions
  • Identifies animals and plants as living things

Social Skills

  • Separates from parents without undue stress
  • Demonstrates awareness of the five senses
  • Takes care of personal needs
  • Plays cooperatively/interacts with children without  constant supervision
  • Understands and respects the property and rights of others
  • Knows and observes classroom rules/routines
  • Works on an activity for a reasonable length of time   (10-15 minutes)
  • Contributes to the classroom community and participates in classroom jobs
  • Participates in large and small group activities
  • Displays a positive attitude toward school

Gross Motor Skills

  • Bounces a large ball and catches it
  • Throws and catches a large ball with two hands
  • Climbs confidently on climbing apparatus
  • Moves easily from one space to another                    
    (e.g., running, jumping, hopping)

Fine Motor Skills

  • Grasps small objects with thumb and forefinger
  • Manipulates scissors correctly
  • Practices self-help skills (buttoning, zipping)

Fine Arts

  • Explores with a variety of art work (e.g., markers, clay, paint, water colors, crayons)
  • Uses art as a form of self-expression


  • Participates in classroom music activities
  • Responds to various music tempos through movement exploration

Dramatic Play

  • Creates or recreates stories and experiences
  • Engages in dramatic play with others

Children learn best…

Current research concludes that young children learn best:

  • When they feel comfortable and secure.
  • Through active manipulation of objects.
  • When provided with experiences which involve the greatest number of senses.
  • Through repeated and varied experiences.
  • Those things which are important to them at the moment.
  • When activities are carefully and developmentally sequenced.
  • When they experience individualized instruction, rather than being required to move as a group from one learning objective to the next.
  • When curriculum addresses all aspects of children's development.
  • When their progress is systematically assessed, strengths are built on and weaknesses prescribed for.
  • When their parents are significantly involved in the educational process.
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