What is EDM mode?

EDM mode is designed to give athletes live response feedback. If an athlete makes a mistake, they will want to avoid another mistake, and so to make this happen they might adopt a strategy of slowing down after incorrect responses. By applying EDM mode you are giving athletes real-time feedback to optimize cognitive performance after incorrect responses.

How does it work?

When an athlete makes an error they go more slowly on the next trial but when athletes are repeatedly given performance feedback in their peripheral vision they are implicitly increasing their error detection without awareness and can still focus on the cognitive task. This error processing feedback is critical for effective behavior change for decision-making in sports performance.

When to use Error Detection mode

When you want to optimize cognitive performance after incorrect responses.

What does EDM on the tooltip mean?

If you have applied EDM mode to a task you will be able to see an athlete's Reaction Time (RT) and EDM Reaction time (EDM) on the tooltip. If an athlete has adopted a strategy to avoid making future mistakes this will reflect in a slower EDM reaction time. Initially, you will see a large gap between the Cognitive Tasks RT and EDM RT but as the athletes, implicit detection abilities improve this gap should reduce and you will find the EDM Reaction time will be faster than the cognitive tasks average reaction time.

What benefits does EDM mode have for my athletes?

Optimizing error performance.

What does the research say about Error Detection?

The ability to detect an error in one’s own performance and then to improve ongoing performance based on this error processing is critical for effective behavior. In our event-related fMRI experiment, we show that explicit awareness of a response inhibition commission error and subsequent post-error behavior were associated with bilateral prefrontal and parietal brain activation. Activity in the anterior cingulate region, typically associated with error detection, was equivalent for both errors subjects were aware of and those they were not aware of making. While anterior cingulate activation has repeatedly been associated with error-related processing, these results suggest that, in isolation, it is not sufficient for conscious awareness of errors or post-error adaptation of response strategies. Instead, it appears, irrespective of awareness, to detect information about stimuli/ responses that require interpretation in other brain regions for strategic implementation of post-error adjustments of behavior.

Post-error reaction times indicated two distinct patterns of behaviour, with significantly faster RT, or speeding-up, following an Aware error (pre-error trial RT minus post-error trial RT = 118 ms, t12 = 3.54, P < 0.01) and slowing down after Unaware errors (42 ms, t12 = 2.62, P < 0.05).

To Summarise

  • Reaction Time was 118 ms faster after an error if the subject was aware of the error.

  • Reaction Time was 42 ms slower if the subject was not aware of the error.

  • Error feedback may enhance implicit detection.

Where can I learn more about Error Detection?

🔗 Neural mechanisms involved in error processing: A comparison of errors made with and without awareness.

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